Android Google Sign In using Firebase Auth

1. Create a firebase project in Google’s firebase console.
https://console.firebase.google.com/

2. Get the SHA1 by this command line or refer to this link for more info. https://developers.google.com/android/guides/client-auth

keytool -exportcert -alias androiddebugkey -keystore ~/.android/debug.keystore -list -v -storepass android

3. Download the google-services.json file from firebase console and put it into the app directory in your Android project.

4. Add the lines under the comment Add this line in the following to your project-level build.gradle file

buildscript {
  dependencies {
    // Add this line
    classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.1.0'
  }
}
allprojects {
    repositories {
        jcenter()
        // And this line
        maven { url "https://maven.google.com" }
    }
}

5. Add this line at the bottom of the app build.gradle file

apply plugin: 'com.google.gms.google-services'

6. Add these 2 lines in the dependencies tag in the app build.gradle file

compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-auth:11.2.0'
compile 'com.google.firebase:firebase-auth:11.2.0'

7. On Firebase console page, go to Authentication, then Sign In Method, then select Google and enable it.

8. The MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener {

    public static final String TAG = "MainActivity";
    private String username;
    private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    private FirebaseAuth mFirebaseAuth;
    private FirebaseUser mFirebaseUser;
    private TextView tvHello;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        tvHello = findViewById(R.id.tv_hello);

        mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .enableAutoManage(this /* FragmentActivity */, this /* OnConnectionFailedListener */)
                .addApi(Auth.GOOGLE_SIGN_IN_API)
                .build();

        // Initialize Firebase Auth
        mFirebaseAuth = FirebaseAuth.getInstance();
        mFirebaseUser = mFirebaseAuth.getCurrentUser();
        if (mFirebaseUser == null) {
            startActivity(new Intent(this, GoogleSignInActivity.class));
            finish();
            return;
        } else {
            username = mFirebaseUser.getDisplayName();
            tvHello.setText(String.format("Hello %s", username));
        }
    }

    public void signOut(View v) {
        mFirebaseAuth.signOut();
        Auth.GoogleSignInApi.signOut(mGoogleApiClient);
        startActivity(new Intent(this, GoogleSignInActivity.class));
        finish();
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onConnectionFailed:" + connectionResult);
    }
}

9. The GoogleSignInActivity.java

public class GoogleSignInActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements
        GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, View.OnClickListener {
    private static final String TAG = "SignInActivity";
    private static final int RC_SIGN_IN = 9001;

    private SignInButton mSignInButton;

    private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;

    // Firebase instance variables
    private FirebaseAuth mFirebaseAuth;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_google_sign_in);

        mSignInButton = (SignInButton) findViewById(R.id.btn_sign_in);
        mSignInButton.setOnClickListener(this);

        // Configure Google Sign In
        GoogleSignInOptions gso = new GoogleSignInOptions.Builder(GoogleSignInOptions.DEFAULT_SIGN_IN)
                .requestIdToken(getString(R.string.default_web_client_id))
                .requestEmail()
                .build();
        mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .enableAutoManage(this /* FragmentActivity */, this /* OnConnectionFailedListener */)
                .addApi(Auth.GOOGLE_SIGN_IN_API, gso)
                .build();

        // Initialize FirebaseAuth
        mFirebaseAuth = FirebaseAuth.getInstance();
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        switch (v.getId()) {
            case R.id.btn_sign_in:
                signIn();
                break;
            default:
                return;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
        if (requestCode == RC_SIGN_IN) {
            GoogleSignInResult result = Auth.GoogleSignInApi.getSignInResultFromIntent(data);
            if (result.isSuccess()) {
                GoogleSignInAccount account = result.getSignInAccount();
                firebaseAuthWithGoogle(account);
            } else {
                Log.e(TAG, "Google Sign-In failed.");
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(@NonNull ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onConnectionFailed:" + connectionResult);
        Toast.makeText(this, "Google Play Services error.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }

    private void signIn() {
        Intent signInIntent = Auth.GoogleSignInApi.getSignInIntent(mGoogleApiClient);
        startActivityForResult(signInIntent, RC_SIGN_IN);
    }

    private void firebaseAuthWithGoogle(GoogleSignInAccount acct) {
        Log.d(TAG, "firebaseAuthWithGooogle:" + acct.getId());
        AuthCredential credential = GoogleAuthProvider.getCredential(acct.getIdToken(), null);
        mFirebaseAuth.signInWithCredential(credential)
                .addOnCompleteListener(this, new OnCompleteListener<AuthResult>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<AuthResult> task) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "signInWithCredential:onComplete:" + task.isSuccessful());
                        if (!task.isSuccessful()) {
                            Log.w(TAG, "signInWithCredential", task.getException());
                            Toast.makeText(GoogleSignInActivity.this, "Authentication failed.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        } else {
                            startActivity(new Intent(GoogleSignInActivity.this, MainActivity.class));
                            finish();
                        }
                    }
                });
    }

}

10. The activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:gravity="center"
    tools:context="com.example.googlesigninfirebase.MainActivity">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_hello"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Hello World!" />

    <Button
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Sign Out"
        android:onClick="signOut"/>

</LinearLayout>

11. The activity_google_sign_in.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <com.google.android.gms.common.SignInButton
        android:id="@+id/btn_sign_in"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

12. Make sure to register the activity classes in the manifest file

<activity android:name=".MainActivity">
    <intent-filter>
        <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

        <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
    </intent-filter>
</activity>
<activity android:name=".GoogleSignInActivity"/>

Reference:
https://firebase.google.com/docs/auth/android/start/

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